what is marriage in islam

The Islamic term for marriage, “ nikah ” literally means sexual intercourse. There are three types of Marriages in Islam; Valid or Sahih Irregular or Fasid Void or Batil Valid Muslim Marriage According to Hanfi jurists Muslim Marriage can be three types. To paraphrase some Qur’anic verses, the call is addressed to mankind: O mankind! The Qur’an commands marriage to the spouseless and the pious even though they may be poor and slaves: And marry those among you who are single and those who are fit among your male slaves and your female slaves; if they are needy, Allah will make them free from want out of His grace; and Allah is Ample-giving, All-Knowing. Of his significant books in English are: \"Islam in Focus\" and \"Family structure in Islam\". Also, it should be far from the spirit of competition as occurs now since this is not permissible in Islam. It is a commitment that married partners make to one another as well as to God. SEX BEFORE MARRIAGE | ISLAM | CONSEQUENCES In the name of Allah, most compassionate and most merciful. This decision has a direct and grave impact on the way future life of the person turns out to be and is also a major contributor to the happiness of both the partners involved in the relationship. This is the process that gives the outlines of the responsibilities and duties of a husband and wife and is considered a religious and valid marriage in Islam. Yet, these values and purposes of marriage would take on a special meaning and be reinforced if they are intertwined with the idea of God, conceived also as religious commitments, and internalized as divine blessings. (Ahmad & Abu Dawood) Marriage (nikah) is a solemn and sacred social contract between bride and groom. These are the types of marriages which are there in Islam: Nikah. But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one or those your right hand possesses. This is done through a formal proposal of marriage (ijab) and acceptance of the proposal (qabul). Marriage in Islam, Importance of marriage in Islam. Learn how your comment data is processed. In Islam, marriage is considered both a social agreement and a legal contract. Islam has specified the age of physical maturity but it has not specified the age of mental maturity. Marriage in Islam is a formal and binding contract that can be either verbal or written on paper. Dr. Abdalati was associate professor of sociology at Utica College of Syracuse University. Ideal family structure, the main source … The Islamic marriage is considered valid, whether it is recorded in any written format or it is purely solemnized verbally without any written documentation. It should be done within the limits of richness and wealth of a person. Islam does not equal celibacy with high "taqwa" / "Iman". Post was not sent - check your email addresses! However, if a Muslim wedding is held in a mosque, then a marriage officiant, known as qadi, qazi or madhun (Arabic: مأذون‎), may preside over the wedding. (Ar-Rum 30:21). He was well known to the Muslim communities of North America as well as other intercultural groups and audiences. The witnesses have to be there at the time of Nikah, the bride and the bridegroom both have to agree to it willingly. One thing I would like to mention that the written ayah from Surah Al-A’raf is not 107, it is 189. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Marriage is very important institution in Islam. Islam recognises the institution of marriage as a social and psychological necessity for every member of the community on the basis of the following reasons: Firstly, marriage regulates and controls erotic behaviour and procreation. Those who are in favor of raising the legal age for marriage argue that: 1. In Islam, marriage is considered both a social agreement and a legal contract. Rather, it has left it open to the discretion of the parents and children themselves. (Al-Nisa’ 4:3). Marriage in Islam has aspects of both 'Ibadah (worship) of Allah and mu'amalah (transactions between human beings). Both the groom and the bride must consent to the marriage. Masha Allah this article is great. Even at the most trying times of married life, and in the midst of legal disputes and litigation, the Qur’an reminds the parties of God’ s law; it commands them to be kind to one another, truly charitable toward one another, and above all dutiful to God. In many cultures, however, the couple does not formally share a household until after thepublic wedding celebration (walimah). The reasons that have led to the emergence of this kind of marriage are many, such as: 1. This is in recognition of the fact that women’ s needs are equally legitimate and are seriously taken into consideration. In modern times, the marriage contract is signed in the presence of an Islamic judge, imam, or trusted community elder who is familiar with Islamic law. Even at the most trying times of married life, and in the midst of legal disputes and litigation, the Qur’an reminds the parties of God’ s law. The bride has a right to receive a gift from the groom which remains her own property as security in the marriage. Marriage in Islam allows us to fulfil the physical need which is the nature of human beings. In Islam, not every person consummates their marriage physically straight away; sometimes the girl may be very young, and it is considered more suitable to wait until she is older. Marriage is for reproduction of legitimate humans, choosing companion and partner and consultant in life. The Mahr may also be deferred until termination of the marriage through death or divorce; in such an instance the unpaid  Mahr becomes a debt against the husband’s estate. The Mahr can be cash, jewelry, property, or any other valuable asset. Forty Encounters with the Beloved Prophet PBUH, Saalih Ibn Abdul-Azeez Ibn Muhammad Aalish-Shaykh, An explanation of The Last Tenth of the Noble Quran, AMERICANS' QUESTIONS ABOUT ISlAM POST SEPTEMBER 11, The Geological Concept of Mountains in the Holy Qur'an. He received an MA in Islamic studies from McGill University and a PhD in Sociology from Princeton University. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Marriage to One's Mother, Sister Etc. Unlike other religions, Islamic marriages can be of more than one type. Generally, the marriage is solemnized by a Muslim male that is called ‘Qazi’ in India. 3- The prohibitions of marriage in verses An-Nisa 23,24 and An-Noor 3, which include the prohibitions about blood and … This significant additional advantage for women does not, however, characterize marriage as a purely economic transaction. Any person who acknowledges the Unity of Allah and the finality of the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace be upon him) and admits, without any form of denial or negation, to all the Qur’anic teachings and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) would be considered a Muslim. Negotiating and signing the contract is a requirement of marriage under Islamic law, and certain conditions must be upheld in order for it to be binding and recognized. One thing I would like to mention that the written ayah of from Surah Al-A’raf is not 107, it is 189. Islam does not give a specific age for marriage, either for the husband or for the wife. The article is excerpted from Dr. Hammudah’s well-known book “Islam in Focus”. In its 'Ibadah aspect, marriage is an act pleasing to Allah because it is in accordance with his commandments that husband and wife love each other and help each other to make efforts to continue the human race and rear and nurse their children to become true servants of Allah. It is then reasonable that in Islam, men and women who want to get married are advised to regard the piety and good manners of their future partners as essential conditions. One does not have to take a loan to do it. cooperation, economy, etc. Consent cannot be obtained from those who are legally unable to give it, i.e. Marriage in Islam is regarded first and foremost as a righteous act, an act of responsible devotion. The marriage contract is called a nikah. In Islam, marriage is not restricted to a platonic relationship between husband and wife, nor is it solely for procreation. Islam doesn't authorize any official clergy, so any Muslim who understands the Islamic tradition can be the official for the wedding. This contract is strong and covenant (mithaqun Ghalithun) as expressed in Quran (4:21). The requirement of two witnesses to the representation is according to  Hanafi school of jurisprudence. As humans undeniably has such kind of desires when they see the opposite sex, Islam asked a Muslim to get married early if he is unable to control or not able to handle the sexual desires well. From 1967 till he passed away in 1976. In fact, the least focal aspect of marriage in Islam is the economic factor, no matter how powerful this may be. The main purpose of marriage is protection against a sinful life and living a life according to the teachings of Islam. TYPES OF ISLAMIC MARRIAGE. Marriage or Nikah’ can be defined as a contract which has for its object the procreation and the legalizing of children.A legal marriage in Islam can be defined as ‘a marriage contracted and solemnized in accordance with Shariah with all its constituents and condition and without any legal impediment. In Islam, marriage is a social and legal relationship intended to strengthen and extend family relationships. Thus, a person converting to Islam would immediately be granted the status of having Islam without waiting for any term or period.(1). In modern times, the marriage contract is signed in the presence of an Islamic judge, imam, or trusted community scholar who is familiar with Islamic law. Marriage is not just for satisfying sexual desire, it also has aspects of spirituality and mental and psychological health. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. That is more suitable that you may not incline [to injustice]. There is no necessary community of property of husbands and wives. 2- Both sides or their guardians or representators must be present at the same time during the proposal and acceptance. And so many thanks for your comment! This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Mercy is manifested through compassion, forgiveness, care and humility. Before Marrying . Marriage is the special blessing of Allah and the important circumcision of the Prophet (peace be upon him). 5 So why has Islam provided extensive rules and regulation regarding sex? Marriage protects a muslim to commit major sins like Zinnah. For example, if celibacy is not recommended for men, it is equally so for women. Sorry for the late reply! For years he lectured on Islam, attended Islamic conventions, wrote articles in Arabic and English, and responded to inquiries. An Islamic marriage (nikah) can be performed under the following conditions: 1- Both sides must be free of obstacles to marry and have legal capacity. Lack of mercy in a marriage, or in a family, renders it in Islamic terms dysfunctional. It is noteworthy the person solemnizing the marriage cannot act as the witness as well. Be dutiful to God, Who created them from a single soul, and from it created its mate, and from the two of them scattered abroad many men and women. It is noteworthy that the Islamic provisions of marriage apply to men and women equally. Almighty Allah says, And if you fear that you will not deal justly with the orphan girls, then marry those that please you of [other] women, two or three or four. These are the conditions ordained by Allah (SWT) and conveyed to us by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Dream Explanation — If a person dreams that he is marrying his mother, sister or any such person with whom marriage is forbidden is Islam-and such a dream is seen in any of the sacred months of Thil-Qa'dah, Thil-Hijjah, Muiharram or Rajab-it means he will proceed to Makkah and Madeenah. He must even provide the wife with the kind of help and service to which she was used before marriage, and, according to some scholars, she is under no legal obligation to do the routine housework, although she may do so, and usually does, for some reason or other, e.g. Marriage in Islam teaches both men and women to stay ready to sacrifice and endure for his/her life partner. The gift is payable directly to the bride and remains her sole property, even in case of later divorce. Islamic marriage refers to all marriages that have been contracted between a Muslim male and Muslim female immaterial of their races and ages and have been witnessed by at least two males or a male and two females. It is a commitment to life itself, to society, and to the dignified, meaningful survival of the human race. Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “And for such of your women as despair of menstruation, if ye doubt, their period (of waiting) shall be three months, along with those who have it … Surely, in that are signs for those who contemplate. Specifying a Mahr (bridal gift) is essential in the marriage. It is allowable in Islam that a man have more than one wife with the limitation of four female spouses, but this is stipulated by the ability to administer justice between one’s wives, as indicated by the Glorious Qur’an. In the case, the proposed wife is absent, the representative of the bride who would transmit her consent on the marriage as well as two witnesses to the representation, and two other witnesses to the solemnization of the marriage are a minimum requirement. Learn how your comment data is processed. However, failure to consider it would not render the marriage as invalid and the Mahr (bridal gift) would then be subject to mutual agreement by the parties or other rulings related to a Mahr (bridal gift) equivalent of the female status of her family as was prescribed in Islamic law. (Al-A`raf 7:189), And it is a sign of God that He has created for men, of themselves, mates to seek in their company peace and tranquility, and has set between them mutual love and mercy. Marriage is a religious duty and is consequently a moral safeguard as well as a social necessity. Generally, since the Islamic marriage is preferably solemnized in the Masjid, where the married couple is nominated and celebrated by the whole attendees. The marriage contract in Islam is not a sacrament. In case marriage is free from … (An-Nisaa’ 4:1), It was God Who created mankind out of one living soul, and created of that soul a spouse so that he might find comfort and rest in her. Islamic marriage begins with a search for an appropriate partner and is solemnized with an agreement of marriage, the contract, and the wedding party. We’ve corrected that. (An-Nur 24:32). Misyaar marriage is where a man does a shar’i marriage contract with a woman, meeting the conditions of marriage, but the woman gives up some of her rights such as accommodation, maintenance or the husband’s staying overnight with her. All this is because marriage in Islam is regarded first and foremost as a righteous act, an act of responsible devotion. The word Mahr is often translated as “dowry” but is better expressed as “bridal gift”. Marriage in Islam – How to Chose a Life Partner Marriage is one of the biggest decisions that a person makes in life. Even so, the bride must also express her willingness to enter into marriage. And the bride is given mahr by the bridegroom. Muslim scholars have interpreted the Qur’an to mean that marriage is a religious duty, a moral safeguard, and social commitment. Furthermore, it is the husband who is responsible for the maintenance and economic security of the family. If Islam values marriage, it’s not just because of the sexual aspects of it; but also, it’s due to precious results beyond it. Sexual control may be a moral triumph, reproduction, a social necessity or service, a sound health and a gratifying state of mind. A first-time bride is usually represented in the contract negotiations by her Wali, a male guardian who looks out for her best interests. people who are incapacitated or those who have physical or mental impairments which limit their capacity to understand and consent to a legal contract. For a marriage to be valid and lawful, it needs to be a public affair. Selecting a Spouse: The first thing we should look for when marrying is how committed the person is to Islam. It is the kind of commitment in which they find mutual fulfillment and self-realization, love and peace, compassion and serenity, comfort and hope. Islamic marriage refers to all marriages that have been contracted between a Muslim male and Muslim female immaterial of their races and ages and have been witnessed by at least two males or a male and two females. Depending on the culture, this celebration may be held hours, days, weeks, or even months later. Muslim scholars have interpreted the Qur’an to mean that marriage is a religious duty, a moral safeguard, and social commitment. It is obvious that these are all ingredients that make for a successful partnership. This is the proper or the most valid type of marriage in Islam. Marriage is a very pious relationship and is considered the blessing of Allah. The Meaning of Marriage in Islam November 24, 2020 Marriage in Islam is regarded first and foremost as a righteous act, an act of responsible devotion. Marriage is not something that considered as trivial, since in marriage there is Fiqh of Marriage and requirement of Marriage Contract or what we called Aqd. http://islam.about.com/od/marriage/a/contract.htm, Islamic Ethics during Coronavirus/COVID-19, इत्तिबा-ए-सुन्नत और तक़लीद से संबंधित एक बात-चीत. Marriage in Islam is above all a partnership based on equality of partners and specification of roles. Either full payment or an agreed-upon payment schedule is required at the time of contract signature. Simply stated, a secret marriage has no place in Islam. Hadiths: The Marriage Process in Islam by Shaad Ahmed. In the case where both the proposed husband and proposed wife are present before the person solemnizing the marriage. The feast of marriage is a Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and it is a desirable and meritorious act but not an obligatory ruling. According to Islam, marriage is a mandatory tradition that every Muslim must follow. Witnesses in Marital Contract . After the contract is signed, a couple is legally married and enjoys all the rights and responsibilities of marriage. As a religious duty, it must be fulfilled; but like all other duties in Islam, it is enjoined only upon those who are capable of meeting the responsibilities involved. Whatever meanings people assign to marriage, Islam views it as a strong bond (mithaq ghaleez), a challenging commitment in the fullest sense of the word. Masha Allah this article is great. Marriage in Islam is not a burden on the bride’s guardian like Hinduism; rather, marriage is based on convenience, ease and simplicity. The prophet has also said, "Marriage is my tradition who so ever keeps away there from is not from amongst me". However, the need for a written record with essential personal identification is a legal expedient necessity and an obligation that needs compliance for civil records and to protect the marital rights and obligations of both spouses. The Prophet is reported to have said that, “A woman is ordinarily sought as wife for her wealth, for her beauty, for the nobility of her stock, or for her religious qualities; but blessed and fortunate is he who chooses his mate for piety in preference to everything else.” (Muslim). Within marriage, sexual activity in Islam is regarded as normal and is encouraged between the married couple. Marriages are usually not held in mosques, (depending on the country and culture of both where the marriage happens and the parties involved) because typically men and women are separated during the ceremony and reception. Islamic Marriage: Guidance for Successful Marriage and Married Life; Islamic Parenting: Raising Upright Children; Marriage in Islam video playlist, with Shaykh Faraz Rabbani, Habib Hussein as-Saqqaf, Ustadha Shireen Ahmed, Shaykh Muhammad Adeyinka Mendes, Habib … It may even be more so for women because it assures them, among other things, of relative economic security. 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