ethiopian highlands climate

The climate of the Choke Mountain watershed in the Upper Blue Nile Highlands is changing as the planet warms. This paper presents a review of climate variability in the northeast Ethiopian Highlands, particularly Wollo and Tigray, during the last 10000 years (the Holocene) and an analysis of rainfall variability during the historical period. recovery. Ethiopian highlands To cite this article: A M MacDonald et al 2019 Environ. Most of the country is highland with many of its tourist destinations like Lalibela and Gondar are at an elevation above 2,000m (6,561ft). km. The Ethiopian Highlands home, Ethiopia, is the only country in Africa never to have been colonized. The study has aimed to reveal the livelihood dynamics of rural households in Ethiopia and their association with rainfall conditions and household socio-economic characteristics. The capital of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, is located at an elevation of 7,726 feet, and as such its climate remains relatively cool throughout the year. Dynamics of rural livelihoods and rainfall variability in Northern Ethiopian Highlands. These hydrological Res. The country is administratively divided into nine regions. For centuries, Ethiopian farmers have used the traditional Maresha plow to till their lands. We have compared hydro-climate change in the 20th century and projections in the 21st century , particularly with regard to the seasonal onset and cessation of conditions favoring crop phenology in the NW Ethiopian highlands. Climate Risk Management, 25, pp. But this natural cycle has been disrupted in the Ethiopian Highlands, where much of the otherwise ample rainfall runs off the sloping hills sides, causing soil erosion and destruction. Studies by Debre Markos University show the area also faces severe land degradation due to human settlement, overgrazing, deforestation and unsustainable agricultural practices. Report prepared for the Government of Ethiopia by ... 2.5 Climate 32 2.6 Hydrology 36 2.7 Soils 39 2.8 Vegetation 41 2.9 Wildlife 46 Chapter 3 SOCIAL RESOURCES AND ORGANIZATION 48 3.1 Social origins and composition 48 source: prezi.com. Sam will guide you through the magical heartland of Africa – travelling through Ethiopia you will enjoy the hospitality of incredible people and be enriched by the amazing history.Come with us and explore these unique dynamic environments on your Ethiopian travels. 14 095003 View the article online for updates and enhancements. Estimates suggest climate change may reduce Ethiopia’s GDP up to 10 percent by 2045, primarily through impacts on … Abstract. Which of the following physical features is located in the highlands climate zone on the map above? 5; Rising temperatures have caused widespread infestations of the coffee berry borer beetle, 9 a pest that causes annual losses of roughly $500 million—and affects the … The Ethiopian highlands are extremely heterogenous, with steep escarpments and deep valleys ().The highlands are known as “the roof of Africa” (in Africa the majority of land over 3000 m is found in Ethiopia) and reach 4533 m at the summit of Ras Dashen in the scenic world heritage Simien Mountains (Roberts et al., 2012).Most of the sub-Saharan Africa's Afroalpine ecosystem above 3200 … Ethiopia has an extremely diverse topography, climate, culture, population distribution and market access. A. the Ethiopian Highlands B. the Sahel C. the Congo Basin D. the Drakensberg Range. Recent citations Comparative performance of rural water supplies during drought D. J. MacAllister et al-WASH conditions in a small town in Uganda: how safe are on-site facilities? Welcome to Ethiopian Adventure Tours! Farmers can usually count on a small spring rain, just enough to germinate seeds. In the Ethiopian Highlands, the climate is mild year-round, but rain punctuates the year with surprising regularity. Absolutely dated tree-ring records offer the potential to extend our understanding of climate into the pre-instr … Historical droughts recorded in extended Juniperus procera ring-width chronologies from the Ethiopian Highlands Int J Biometeorol. Deforestation and land degradation in the Ethiopian highlands: A strategy for physical . Temperature suitability for malaria climbing the Ethiopian Highlands. Throughout the year, temperatures drop quickly once the sun goes down, and frosty mornings are common. The five major topographic features of the country are the Rift Valley, Western and Eastern Highlands… Drought is the single most destructive climate-related natural hazard in Ethiopia. Statistical evaluation of CMIP5 climate change model simulations for the Ethiopian highlands MarkR.Jurya,b* a University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa, South Africa b Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico Lett. The country has one of the most rugged and complex topographies in the continent. This study evaluates seasonal forecasts of rainfall and maximum temperature across the Ethiopian highlands from coupled ensemble models in the period 1981–2006, by comparison with gridded observational products (NMA + GPCC/CRU3). New data now show that increasing temperatures over the past 35 years are eroding this buffer, allowing conditions more favorable for malaria to begin climbing into highland areas. We studied the combined effects of anthropogenic land-use change, past and future climate changes and mountain range isolation on the endemic Ethiopian Highlands long-eared bat, Plecotus balensis, an understudied bat that is restricted to the remnant natural high … Climate variability already negatively impacts livelihoods and this is likely to continue. by Bradfield Lyon, Tufa Dinku, Anita Raman and Madeleine Thomson Environmental Research Letters. ... while siltation could affect the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam downstream. From 1979 to 2005, the Ethiopian highlands saw a warming of 0.70 to 1.17° F (0.39 to 0.65° C). A. atmosphere Article Changes in the Seasonality of Ethiopian Highlands Climate and Implications for Crop Growth Gashaw Bimrew Tarkegn 1 and Mark R. Jury 2,3,* 1 Agriculture Department, University of Bahir Dar, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia; gashbimrew@gmail.com 2 Physics Department, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, PR 00681, USA 3 Geography Department, University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa 3886, … But the Ethiopian Highlands are a place of problems, as well as mystery. However, as a result of climate change, Ethiopia’s average annual temperature increased by 1.3°C between 1960 and 2006. Ethiopia is a landlocked country in East Africa occupying an area of 1,104,300 sq. Ethiopian Highlands on farmers’ climate perceptions and adaptations using group dis-cussions and PRA tools. ETHIOPIAN FUNDS-IN-TRUST ETHIOPIAN HIGHLANDS RECLAMATION STUDY ETHIOPIA FINAL REPORT Volume 1. Even in the hottest months (March to May), average highs rarely exceed 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius). Of the nine regions, Africa RISING has been operating in the highlands of four (Amhara, Tigray, Oromia and Southern National Nationalities People (SNNP) regions). After 7,000 years of agriculture, the land is tiring out. Climate in Ethiopia Ethiopia has five climatic zones, characterized by altitude and temperature. Statistical methods were applied to gauge-interpolated, reanalysis, and satellite data to detect the LGP annual cycle. Then, R o values were estimated over the Ethiopian Highlands for current and future climates using both (1) observed time series of temperature data to identify the closest climate patterns among the 14 cities, and (2) annual temperatures in observed current and projected future climate (supplementary figure 8 and Methods). In other words, the proportion of blue and green water can vary greatly depending on location in the diverse Ethiopian Highlands. The late Pleistocene (20,000–12,000 14 C years BP) was cold and dry, with (1) low lake levels in the Rift Valley, (2) large debris fans on the flanks of Lake Abhé basin, and (3) the Blue Nile transporting coarse bedload. This study compares different methods of predicting crop-related climate in the Ethiopian highlands for the period 1979–2009. This study compares Climate Research Unit version 3 reference observations in the period 1980–2009 with Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Five (CMIP5)‐simulated climate patterns and trends over the Ethiopian highlands (7–14N, 36–40E) using the rcp6 scenario. 10. “Ethiopian 13 Months of Sunshine” The popular saying “Ethiopia-13 Months of Sunshine” is derived from Ethiopia’s all year round mild climate with a lot of warm sunshine and a calendar system that has 13 months. Alarmingly, this is projected to increase by a further 3.1°C by the 2060s. In July and August, a longer rainy period arrives to turn the hillsides bright green. The Ethiopian section of the Great Rift Valley runs north-east to south-west, from Eritrea to northern Kenya’s Lake Turkana, and much of the country’s northern, western, central and southern areas are dominated by a series of highlands collectively known as the Ethiopian Plateau. 1-14. The highlands of Ethiopia are home to the majority of the country’s population, the cooler climate serving as a natural buffer against malaria transmission. This review analyses the environmental evolution of the Ethiopian highlands in the late Quaternary. In other words, the red and blue outlines show where new pockets of the Ethiopian Highlands became more malaria-friendly over the past 30 years. In the Ethiopian Highlands, the heterogeneity of the seasonal climate, topography, soil, land cover, and land management cause different hydrological responses at catchment and basin level. 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